Pupil premium funding is received directly from central government to help each school meet the additional needs of four groups of children:
- Children eligible for free school meals (currently or previously)
- Children of parents currently working in the armed services
- Children looked after by the local authority (in care)
- Children who have been adopted or placed with relatives under a Residency order or Special Guardianship Order.
Over a long period of time, these children have tended to achieve less well than their peers across the UK. The additional funding is to be used by schools in whatever ways they judge best to achieve better outcomes for these groups of children.